The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia – it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people.
The findings of the Somalia Interagency Rapid Needs Assessment (SIRNA) undertaken in March 2016 confirmed that even in drought-affected areas where rains had alleviated water shortages, the reliance on uncovered sources for drinking, and the limited use of water treatment either at source or at the household level meant that water quality was of major concern. A more recent interagency assessment undertaken in Puntland in September 2016 highlighted that the situation has not changed markedly, but has not fully deteriorated due to concerted humanitarian response. The initial performance and remaining prospects of poor Deyr (October – December) rains does not bode well for all regions currently affected by drought, with nearly 150,000 people requiring access to safe water, hygiene kits, food and nutrition support, health services, emergency education, and temporary (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Despite some increase in rainfall in Somalia during the last half of November 2016, drought conditions continue to be experienced in many parts of the country following the poor and erratic rain since late September. The negative trends are not expected to reverse until the arrival of Gu (April-June) rains next year. (FAO/FSNAU, 16 Dec 2016)
Original post: http://reliefweb.int/disaster/dr-2015-000134-som